I've heard other artists claim that listening to music while they are painting or drawing becomes a distraction. I have always believed that listening to music helps me to open up to my creative side and helps me "dig in" to the work. In another respect, music can directly effect my choice of subject matter. Certain songs can conjure very distinct visual images while others may put me in a more abstract mood. My style doesn't go to the abstract extent of Jackson Pollock and his "jazz paintings", and I'm not sure how Kandinsky's theory of "chords of color" effect my work.
Take a look at the video of John Mayer's "Walt Grace's Submarine Test, January 1967". This is an example of how a particular song can put a very visual image in my mind and influence the work of art in itself.